Srinagar: With an increase in heart attacks or cardiac arrests among the youth in Kashmir, cardiologists have termed the spate as alarming, saying that smoking, drug menace and psycho-social stress are among the main causes behind the trend.
Talking to KNO, Dr Nisar Tramboo, HoD Cardiology at SKIMS, said that heart attacks and cardiac arrests among the youth are increasing as they live unhealthy habits, including smoking and other related things.
He said cardiac arrest and heart attack are two different things and heart attacks do not lead to cardiac arrest mandatorily. “In the past, we could not diagnose it as there were no investigative modalities available. But now, there are investigative modalities as well as awareness,” he said.
Dr Tramboo further said that there was a need to adopt a healthy lifestyle; the youth should take a lot of fruits and vegetables. “They should avoid excess poultry, animal fats. They should not take too much salt as it increases blood pressure, thus can lead to a heart attack as well.”
He said such things can prove helpful to reduce the number of cardiac arrests or heart attacks.
“At present, the whole of South Asia is sitting on this issue. The reasons are the same. We are genetically prone to heart attacks if we compare ourselves with the people living in the West. Heart attacks are an alarming situation,” he said.
Dr Irfan Ahmad, a Consultant Cardiologist at SMHS Hospital, said that receiving patients at the hospital suffering heart attacks was an abnormal thing before 15 years, but now it has become normal as people have changed their lifestyle by eating junk foods, smoking and other things.
“An increase in smoking prevalence, drugs, changing lifestyle was among the main reasons behind the rising number of deaths among youth due to cardiac arrests,” Dr Irfan said, adding that the other main reason behind the issue was an increase in psycho-social stress among the youth.
“We have changed our lifestyle. We eat food but don’t utilize it. We are preferring facilities rather than exercising. We don’t even bother to walk,” he said, adding that a person must walk at least 30 minutes in a day to stay healthy. “But we mostly prefer vehicles and remain glued to mobile phones.”
“Psycho-social stress among youth has increased in Kashmir from the past couple of years which has led to an increase in heart attacks. However, in winters, the number of heart attack cases witnessed an increase,” he added.
Dr Irfan further said that there was a dire need to quit smoking and taking drugs to avoid heart attacks or cardiac arrests.
“Besides, the number of drug de-addiction centres should also be increased as it will help in reducing the rate of heart attacks. Youth is our future and we need to take care of them at an apt time. Awareness is a must among the people for which camps should be organized. Schools should be used to create awareness among the children,” he said. (KNO)